Prenatal-to-3 State Policy Roadmap
Below are answers to frequently asked questions about the Prenatal-to-3 State Policy Roadmap, assessment of states, data sources, and more.
How do I use the new 2022 State Policy Roadmap?
- Assess the wellbeing of infants and toddlers in a state and prioritize PN-3 policy goals;
- Identify the evidence-based policy solutions proven to impact PN-3 policy goals;
- Monitor the adoption and implementation of the 11 effective policies and strategies;
- Track the impact that policy changes have on improving the wellbeing of children and families and reducing disparities between racial and ethnic groups.
How were the policies and strategies in the Prenatal-to-3 State Policy Roadmap selected?
Are the Roadmap policies and strategies the only effective solutions states can implement to improve outcomes for infants, toddlers, and their parents?
What is the difference between a policy and a strategy?
My state has adopted one of the policies or strategies on the Prenatal-to-3 State Policy Roadmap, but we do not get credit. Why?
If I do not agree with the Roadmap’s assessment of my state, what should I do?
How frequently will you update the Prenatal-to-3 State Policy Roadmap?
The Prenatal-to-3 State Policy Roadmap will be updated annually to monitor states’ progress toward adopting and fully implementing the effective policies and strategies; changes in the generosity of state benefits; progress toward serving all children and families who are eligible for state benefits; changes in the overall wellbeing of children and families in each state; and efforts to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in outcomes. To get notified of the next Roadmap release, please subscribe to our email list.
What sources did you use for the policy indicators and outcome measures?
Are the data disaggregated by race/ethnicity within states?
How did the COVID-19 pandemic affect data used in the Roadmap?
The COVID-19 crisis had an impact on data quality for policy, program, and survey data. In the 2021 Roadmap, we used 2019 data in some places due to concern about the impact of COVID-19 on service data for 2020. This year, we have opted to update the Roadmap to include 2021 data where possible, but data quality concerns continue to impact the Roadmap. For example, the Census Bureau warned of quality issues with the 2020 ACS data due to the pandemic’s impact on data collection. Nonresponse bias in the 2020 sample made “it appear that the U.S. population had higher levels of education, had more married couples and fewer never married individuals, had less Medicaid coverage, had higher median household incomes, had fewer noncitizens, and were more likely to live in single-family housing units.” Due to the potential impact of these quality issues on the population we study, we opted to continue using the 2019 ACS data for the 2022 Roadmap. In some cases, we may have newer data for part of a Roadmap indicator, but lack more current data to fully calculate the measure of interest (e.g., Early Head Start program reach). We anticipate that data concerns will be substantially alleviated by the 2023 Roadmap.
How much do all of these effective policies and strategies cost? What is the return on investment?
Do the policies and strategies included in the Roadmap promote greater equity?
How have states responded to COVID-19?
In response to the COVID-19 crisis, several states have demonstrated remarkable flexibility in the implementation of policies and strategies that support infants, toddlers, and their parents. Fueled in large part by federal aid, states have made temporary policy changes which have expanded eligibility, reduced copayments and fees, and made it simpler for eligible families to access benefits. In some states, these temporary changes have expired; in other states, temporary policy and program changes in response to COVID-19 are ongoing.
How do I download the tables and graphics from the Roadmap?
We encourage you to use the graphics of your state Roadmap to support your own work. Hover your cursor over table or graphic and if a circle with 3 dots (ellipsis) shows up in the right corner, then you can download the graphic. Click on the dots, then the download icon and choose from JPG, PNG, and PDF formats.
How can I best use the Prenatal-to-3 State Policy Roadmap and resources on the website to inform policy choices in my state?
Are you available to present or share information with my state or organization?
How should I cite the 2022 Prenatal-to-3 State Policy Roadmap?
The recommended citation is:
Prenatal-to-3 Policy Impact Center. (2022, October 13). 2022 Prenatal-to-3 State Policy Roadmap. Peabody College of Education and Human Development. Vanderbilt University. https://pn3policy.org/pn-3-state-policy-roadmap-2022/.